Eleanor R. Hall


In a survey of urban university students, ways of financing college (working, part-time attendance, residence with parents, and financial aid) were related to background variables (parent education, race/ethnicity, and high school grades) and to outcome variables. Outcomes included college grades, social integration with other students, and persistence in the university jive years later. For men, residence with parents was associated with working longer hours which was related to lower grades and poorer persistence. On the other hand, financial aid receipt was positively related to persistence. For women, residence with parents was not related to hours worked and was positively related to persistence.